La Manada (wolfpack) case is the name by which is known the events happened in Pamplona (Navarra) on July 7, 2016 during San Fermín celebrations. A group of five men, including a member of the Civil Guard and another of the Spanish Army, sexually abused an 18 years old woman in a building hallway. The accused were arrested and tried. The court was announced on April 26, 2018 with the court clearing the accused of sexual aggression, finding them guilty of sexual abuse instead. One of the three magistrates did not agree and voted for their acquittal. The defense and the prosecution appealed the sentence. The case and its resolution provoked many reactions in the mass media, social networks and even on the streets.

On December 5 the Court of Justice of Navarra (Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Navarra) has been reaffirmed in its condemnations against the members of La Manada. The Court has kept the penalty of nine years in prison for a continuing offense of sexual abuse, although all are currently on bail. The judges also attended the appeal of the victim and has ordered the Provincial Court (Audiencia Provincial) that it should pronounce a new sentence for a crime against the intimacy of the woman because the young woman was recorded while forced age.If the resolutions were condemnatory, sentences would rise between two and four years.

The failure includes, in addition, a particular vote of Joaquín Galve and Miguel Ángel Abárzuza that they request that the sentence have to be for violation. If this requirement is accepted, the sentences would be 14 years, three months and a day of prison. In Spain, the crime of sex without consent has two legal categories: sexual aggression or sexual abuse. Sexual aggression is defined as necessitating violence or intimidation, while sexual abuse is without violence. But this difference has provoked a great controversy for the legal interpretation of “intimidation”.

The attorneys of the victim, Miguel Ángel Morán and Carlos Bacaicoa, have thought that this judgment is not so unfortunate as the first one, but that, even this way, it is necessary to appeal for it. For your part, Agustín Martínez Becerra, the attorney who represents three of the members of La Manada believes that the justices should support to his defended ones at liberty provisionally because «it has not changed any circumstance». Nevertheless, the district attorney’s office studies now if to ask for the return to prison of the components of La Manada.

The judgment provoked that manifestations were summoned in the majority of cities of the country and that thousands of persons were going out to the street to protest. With placards in which it was possible to read «Sister, I believe you», «it is not an abuse, is a violation» or «If you resist, they kill you, if you don’t, you consent » the Spanish went out to protest against the patriarchal justice. Equally, in the platform Change.org there was requested the «incapacitation of the justices entrusted to pronounce the sentence in the judgment of La Manada», request that relies on 1.444.000 signatures that they support the reason.

Feminist associations denounced the sentence, valuing it as especially negative because it can be «very bad precedent» giving the context of the events. They also pointed out that once again women are held responsible for the assaults they suffer. American actresses Jessica Chastain and Rose McGowan also expressed their condemnation of the sentence.

Protest against the judgment of La Manada / La Vanguardia – Álex García

The demonstration in Valencia from support to the victim of multiple rape in San Fermín celebrations in 2016 / El País – José Jordán.

Demonstration in Seville / El País – Paco Puentes

 

Demonstration in Madrid by March 8 Commission / La Vanguardia

 

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