55% of the current Spanish population has never decided anything about the current Constitution
Yesterday the Spaniards «celebrated» the fourteenth anniversary of our Constitution. After forty years of Franco’s dictatorship, a series of unprecedented agreements between all the political agents of the country managed to create a new system in the form of a parliamentary monarchy. The fact is that it was very good because compared to the period of oppression from which we came, the new regime meant the arrival of freedom and democracy. But the certain thing is that, as it was necessary to put in agreement to franquistas and antifranquistas, both sides had to make concessions to forge the agreement. On the part of the communist party the monarchy and the permanence of the flag were yielded. Concessions were also made by the most reactionary sectors of civil and military society. Perhaps the result of all this was not democratic enough so that forty years later no comma of the supreme law has been modified since 1978.
The only article of the constitution that has been modified was number 135. In the original formulation of this article it was established that the payment of social expenditure, that is, health and education among other matters, is above the payment of the debt from the country. In 2011, the Popular Party and the Socialist Party reached an agreement to modify this article and put the payment of the debt ahead of anything else.
For that reason and for the announcement of the rescue to the Spanish banking, a feeling of indignation began to take shape in the streets that would eventually lead to 15M, a movement similar to that of Occupy Wall Street in the United States.
That social movement was harshly repressed by the security forces and ended up in the conformation of the political party Unidos Podemos. The bipartisanship that was in force in Spain since the establishment of the Constitution in 1978 came to an end when this party obtained 69 deputies in December 2015.
Since then, different factors have caused that Unidos Podemos has lost much of its intention to vote. As an extension of what looks like a global trend, in recent months in Spain we are witnessing the rise of far-right populism. Last week, the ultra-rightist party «Vox» obtained 12 deputies in the Andalusian parliament after holding elections in Andalucia.
The Spanish political paradigm is more convulsed than ever since the years of transition. The left, now deflated and divided, seems downhearted despite having the government after Pedro Sánchez overthrew Rajoy in a motion last June.
As happened in 15M, there is an attempt to unite different social movements to try to shape a political alternative to the far right. United Podemos seems to have disappointed a large part of its electorate that now is inclined to try to resume political movements of assembly organization.
The university movement that emerged with the intention of holding a referendum on the way in which the State is organized, now proposes to create a transversal movement that accommodates more social demands.
The slogan of «They do not represent us» is recovering strength and is translated into discontent and indignation with the political class. It is clear that there is a desire for change on the part of society but for the moment only the far right is knowing how to channel all this collective anger.